Listening Unit 9 Lớp 12 Trang 100

Thứ ba , 16/08/2016, 16:30 GMT+7
     

 UNIT 9: DESERTS

LISTENING (NGHE)

 

Before you listen: Theo cặp, hỏi và trả lời các câu sau:

1. Sa mạc là gi?

2. Sa mạc được tạo ra như thế nào?

3. Con người có thể tạo ra sa mạc không? Tại sao? (không)?

* Nghe và lặp lại.

Frightening speed                Sahara                      petroleum

Australia                               firewood                   Mauritania

 

While you listen

Task 1. Em sẽ nghe một chuyên gia nói về sa mạc, cách chúng được tạo thành, và cho biết các câu sau đây là đúng (T) hay sai (F)

Đáp án.

1.T          2. T          3. F            4. F                5. T

 

Tapescript

Hello everyone. In today’s talk, I’m going to tell you something about deserts, what they are and how they are formed.

Desert is a hot, dry, sandy place. A desert is also a beautiful land of silence and space. The sun shines, the wind blows, and time and space seem endless. Nothing is soft. The sand and the rocks are hard, and many of the plants, such as the cactus, have hard needles instead of leaves.

The size and location of the world’s deserts are always chaning. Over millions of years, as climates change and mountains rise, new dry and wet areas develop. But within the last 100 years, deserts have been growing at a frightening speed. This is partly because of the natural changes, but the greatest desert makers are humans.

In the 19th century some people living in English colonies in Australia got rabbits from England. Today there are millions of rabbits in Australia, and they eat every plant they can find. The great desert that covers the centre of Australia is growing.

Farming first began in the Tigris-Euphrates, but today the land there is a desert. In dry areas, people can plant crops on dry and poor land. When there are one or two very dry years, the plants die, and the land becomes desert.

In developing countries, 90 percent of the people use wood for cooking and heat. They cut down trees for firewood. But trees are important. They cool the land under them and keep the sun off smaller plants. When leaves fall from a tree, they make the land richer. When the trees are gone, the smaller plants die, and the land becomes desert.

Humans can make deserts, but humans can also prevent their growth. Algeria planted a green wall of trees across the edge of the Sahara to stop the desert sand from spreading. Mauritania planted a similar wall around its capital. Iran puts a thin covering of petroleum on sandy areas and plant trees. Other countries build long canals to bring water to the desert areas.

Well, that’s all for my talk. Thank you for listening

Task 2. Nghe và trả lời cảu hỏi.

Đáp án gợi ý.

1. It examines deserts, what they are and how they are formed.

2. It is a hot, dry, sandy place. It is also a beautiful land of silence and space. The sun shines, the wind blows, and time and space seem endless.

3. Nature and humans.

4. They contribute by eating every plant they can find. This makes the land become desert.

5. They contribute by cutting down trees for firewood. Trees cool the land under them and keep the sun off smaller plants. When leaves fall from a 

tree, they make the land richer. When the trees are gone, the smaller plants die, and there is nothing but sand and the land becomes desert.

Task 3.Nghe lại và điền vào cho trống.

Đáp án.

1. 90 percent

2. smaller plants

In developing countries, (1) 90 percent of the people use wood for cooking and heat. They cut down trees for firewood. But trees are important. They cool the land under them and keep the sun off (2) smaller plants. When leaves fall from a tree, they make the land richer. When the trees are gone, the smaller plants die, and there is nothing but sand and the land becomes desert.

Humans can make deserts, but humans can also (3) prevent their growth. Algeria planted a green wall of trees across the edge of the Sahara to stop the desert sand from (4) spreading. Mauritania planted a similar wall around its (5) capital. Iran puts a thin covering of petroleum on sandy areas and plant trees. Other countries build long (6) canals to bring water to the desert areas.

Well, that's all for my talk. Thank you for listening.

 

After you listen

Theo nhóm, tóm tắt lại bài nghe sử dụng những gợi ý đã cho.

Sa mạc là gì?

Điều gì giúp sa mạc phát triển?

Con người nên làm gì để ngăn chặn sự phát triển của sa mạc?

 

Tham khảo đáp án các phần sau:

 Reading Unit 9 Lớp 12 Trang 96

 Speaking Unit 9 Lớp 12 Trang 99

 Writing Unit 9 Lớp 12 Trang 102

 Language Focus Unit 9 Lớp 12 Trang 103

 

listening unit 9 lop 12 unit 9 lop 12 listening english 12 unit 9 listening