Unit 9 Natural Disasters: Language Focus

Thứ năm , 14/07/2016, 10:04 GMT+7
     

UNIT 9 : NATURAL DISASTERS

LANGUAGE FOCUS (TRỌNG TÂM NGÔN NGỮ)

 

o Relative pronouns : who, that, which

o Relative clause (continued)

1. Use your knowledge to answer the questions. Use “who”, “which” or “that” in your answers and start your answers with the words given.

(Sử dụng kiến thức của bạn để trả lời những câu hỏi. Dùng “who”, “which” hoặc “that” trong câu trả lời của em và bắt đầu câu trả lời vđi các từ cho sẵn)

Example :

a) The city which was struck by a huge earthquake in 1995 is Kobe.

a) Which city in Japan was struck by a huge earthquake in 1995?

-> The city which was struck by a huge earthquake in 1995 is Kobe.

b) Which country won the 1998 Tiger Cup?

-> The country which won the 1998 TigerCup is Singapore.

c) Which animal has one or two horns on its snout?

-> The animal which has one or two horns on its snout is the shinoccros.

d) Which explorer discovered America?

-> The explorer who discovered America is Columbus Christopher.

e) Which planet is closest to the Earth?

-> The planet which is closest to the Earth is Mars.

0 Which animal in Viet Nam was chosen to be the logo of SEA Games 2003?

-> The animal in Viet Nam was chosen to be the logo of SEA Games 2003 is the buffapo.

g) Which ASEAN country is divided into two regions by the sea?

-> The ASEAN country which is divided into two regions by the sea is Malaysia.

h) Which food you can chew but you cannot swallow and which one you can swallow but you cannot chew? 

-> The food and the food which we can swallow but we can;t chew is water which we can chew but we can;t swallow is chewing - gum.

Now ask and answer each other similar questions about the world and Viet Nam.

2. Match each of the sentences in column A with a related sentence on column B. Then use a suitable relative pronoun to join the two sentences.

(Kết hợp những câu trong cột A với những câu có liên quan trong cột B. Sau đó dùng một đại từ quan hệ thích hợp để nối hai câu vđi nhau)

Example : 1. Andrew is flying to Sacramento.

e. Sacramento is the capital city of California

-> Andrew is flying to Sacramento, which is the capital city of California.

Column A

Column B

 1. Andrew is flying to Sacramento.

 2. It snowed in Lang Son in the winter of 2002.

 3. Pompeii was completely destroyed in AD 79 by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

 4. Hurricane Andrew killed 41 people and made more than 200.000 homeless.

 5. The cyclone of November 1970 in Bangladesh was one of the worst natural disasters of the 20lh century.

 6. The most disastrous earthquake in Japanese history damaged Tokyo and Yokohama and killed about 150.000 people.

 7. The October 1989 Loma Prieat earthquake caused extensive damage to older buildings in San Francisco Bay Area.

 a) Hurricane Andrew swept through southern Florida in August 1992.

 b) The Loma Prieta earthquake measured 7.1 on the Richter scale.

 c) Bangladesh is bordered by the Bay of Bengal on the South.

 d) The most dangerous earthquake in Japan occurred in 1923.

 

 e) Sacramento is the capital city of Calaifomia

 

 f) Pompeii is an ancient city of Italy.

 

 

 g) Lang Son is on the Ky Cung River.

 

1 - e   Andrew is flying to Sacramento, which is the capital city of California.

2 - g   It snowed in Lang Son, which is on the Ky Cung River, in the winter of 2002. 

3 - f     Pompeii, which is an ancient city of Italy, was completely destroyed in AD 79 by an eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

4 - a    Hurricane Andrew, which swept through southern Florida in August 1992, killed 41 people and made more than 200,000 homeless.

5 - c    The cyclone of November 1970 in Bangladesh, which is bordered by the Bay of Bengal on the south, was one of the worst natural disasters of the 20lh century.

6 - d    The most disastrous earthquake in Japanese history, which occurred in 1923, damaged Tokyo and Yokohama and killed about 150,000 people 

7 - b    The October 1989 Loma Prieat earthquake, which measured 7.1 on the Richter scale, caused extensive damage to older buildings in San Francisco Bay Area.

3. Underline the relative clause in the sentence. Then add comma to separate the non - defining relative clause from the rest of the sentence.

(Gạch dưới mệnh đề quan hệ trong câu. Sau đó thêm dấu phẩy để tách mệnh đề quan hệ không hạn định với phần còn lại của câu)

a) Viet Nam which is in the south-east Asia exports rice.

-> Viet Nam, which is in the south-east Asia, exports rice.

b) Kangaroos which come from Autralia have long tails.

-> Kangaroos, which come from Autralia. have long tails.

c) Ba who lives in Trang Tien Street likes playing guitar.

-> Ba, who lives in Trang Tien Street, likes playing guitar.

d) The novel that you gave me on my birthday has been lost.

-> Defining relative clause.

e) Neil Amstrong who first walked on the moon, lived in the USA.

-> Neil Amstrong, who first walked on the moon, lived in the USA.

f) The chair that I bought yesterday is broken.

-> Defining relative clause.

g) Miss Lien who sings very well is my English teacher.

-> Miss Lien, who sings very well, is my English teacher.

4. Rewrite the sentences in Exercises 3. Replace each underlined clause with a clause you have written

(Viết lại câu trong bài tập số 3. Thay mệnh đề được gạch dưới bằng một mệnh đề do em viết)

Example :

Kangaroos, which come from Australia, have long tails.

Kangaroos, which can be seen everywhere in Austrlia, have long tails. Kangaroos, which are called “chuột túi” in Vietnamese, have long tails.

 

Xem tất cả đáp án tại đây: Unit 9 Natural Disasters (Thiên Tai)  

 
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